Tirupati is considered as the Spiritual Capital of Andhra Pradesh due to the presence of many historical temples located within and around the city. This holiest Hindu Pilgrimage is located in Chittor District of Andhra Pradesh. It is also considered as one of the smart cities that have been considered to be developed under Smart City Mission by Modi’s Government.
The word Tirupathi was taken from Sanskrit meaning Tiru- Goddess Lakshmi and Pathi- Husband. The place is named after the Lord Venkateswara of the sacred hill- Tirumala. Whole city was divided into two parts. One is upper Tirupathi famously known as Tirumala and other is Lower Tirupathi which is the present city.
The city is well connected to major cities through road, rail and of course through air. The APSRTC runs buses through three mini bus stations along with the main one. Srinivasa Bus station for west-bound destinations, Sri hari bus station for east bound and Yedukondalu for services to Tirumala (These buses are called Sapthagiri Express and are free of cost ).
Though Tirupathi has a main station under the jurisdiction of Guntakal Railway Division, all the trains have a common point at Renigunta Junction which 15 Km away from main station. Trains from different parts of India especially going in Mumbai or Chennai route have a stopping point here.
Sri Venkateswara airport is located 15 KM from main city and has regular flights from almost all cities and international flights to Dubai and US. There is also another international airport nearest to Tirupathi which is located in Chennai in the state of Tamilnadu at a distance of 130 KM approximately.
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In 1100 A.D, The Govinda Raja Swami Temple which is now the heart of the city was constructed, thereby made the people to settle at that place. Until that time there was no human population here. This place has become centre for Vaishnavism. This is the main reason why the deity from Sri Ranganatha Swami in Srirangam was bought here during Muslim invasions in 1300 A.D for protection. Many rulers from different dynasties like Cholas, Pallavas, Yadava naidu’s and Vijayanagaras have contributed to this town and the temple of Seven Hills. The main temple in Tirumala is the only place in south India where we can see inscriptions written in all Dravidian languages.
Tirupathi has been chosen for World Telugu Conference-IV, a conference for future development of Telugu language in 2012. This city is also home for many famous educational institutions and universities. There are always different educational events for students like workshops, Tech-fests, Alumni-meets etc to encourage student gathering. This town has been awarded as the Best Heritage City for the year 2012-2013.